As West Flags Doubts on China’s BRI, India Moots IMEC as Viable Option

September 12, 2023

During the recently concluded G20 Summit in New Delhi, several countries—such as India, the United States, Saudi Arabia, the European Union, the UAE, France, Germany and Italy—signed an agreement to create something called the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC). They did this because they are worried about the problems linked to China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) projects, which entail too much debt and concern many geopolitical issues.

Railway Minister Ashwini Vaishnaw, in an interview with NDTV, emphasized that the G20’s International Multimodal Connectivity Corridor (IMEC) will have significant distinctions from the Chinese BRI. He highlighted that, unlike the BRI, which has ensnared some nations into unsustainable debt, the G20 project aims at generating revenue and being financially viable. He also emphasized that the Prime Minister’s vision of inclusivity was a crucial aspect of this Corridor’s development.

Why India Opposes the BRI

India has consistently maintained its opposition to the BRI and has declined participation due to concerns related to the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC), which passes through Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (POK), a region India considers its sovereign territory under Pakistan’s illegal occupation. Italy, a significant participant in China’s BRI, recently withdrew its involvement from this arrangement.

The focal point of the BRI involves the expansion of Gwadar port in Pakistan and the extension of railway infrastructure in troubled Balochistan province. The CPEC is designed to link Kashgar, in China’s West Autonomous Region, to the port city through a 2,000-kilometre road and railway network. The initial intent was for this agreement to bring about significant change, turning the resource-rich—yet underdeveloped—region into a bustling commercial centre. Nonetheless, the province has not witnessed the progress anticipated, primarily due to internal disturbances in Balochistan, rather than shortcomings in the CPEC project itself.

What Exactly is the IMEC?

IMEC is a plan for a bunch of transportation routes—including railways and sea routes—to help Asia, the Arabian Gulf and Europe work together economically. It is part of the Partnership for Global Infrastructure Investment (PGII), which wants to fund infrastructure projects in less developed countries by using public and private investments. It is India’s alternative to the BRI.

The PGII encounters such obstacles as the need to garner investments on the same scale as the BRI and gain political consensus among the G7 nations. There is uncertainty about private sector involvement. Nevertheless, the PGII’s strong focus on transparency, sustainable development and climate resilience could attract nations wary of potential issues with the BRI. While China is keen to adjust the BRI in response to criticism, the competition between the PGII and BRI could offer more choices for countries seeking infrastructure investments. This competition has the potential to enhance global infrastructure projects, benefiting all stakeholders and encouraging a drive towards higher-quality, more sustainable projects.

Coexistence of Initiatives

China has shown support for global infrastructure development initiatives and stressed the possibility of multiple initiatives coexisting. Chinese officials have voiced their disapproval of using infrastructure projects for geopolitical purposes, or to undermine the BRI. In response to criticisms, China has made adjustments to the BRI, placing a greater emphasis on sustainability (termed ‘Green BRI’) and reducing involvement in high-risk projects. From the Chinese viewpoint, there is recognition of competition among different infrastructure initiatives, but the focus remains on cooperation and the idea that diverse approaches can collectively contribute to global progress.

Different Routes: BRI & IMEC

The BRI comprises six key corridors: China-Mongolia-Russia, China–Central Asia–West Asia, China–Indochina Peninsula, China-Pakistan, Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar and the newly established Eurasian land bridge connecting Lianyungang, in Jiangsu province, to Rotterdam. The avowed primary objective of the BRI’s inception is to foster fresh avenues for mutual prosperity among nations by facilitating policy harmonization, enhancing connectivity, promoting unhindered trade, integrating financial systems and fostering interpersonal ties.

The IMEC, or the India-Arabian Gulf-Europe Corridor, will be composed of two separate routes: the eastern corridor, linking India to the Arabian Gulf, and the northern corridor, connecting the Arabian Gulf to Europe. This comprehensive initiative includes the development of a railway network designed to provide economical cross-border ship-to-rail transportation solutions. IMEC’s primary objectives are to enhance economic efficiency, minimize expenses, promote economic cohesion among participating countries and align with sustainable development goals.




By Girish Linganna
To submit your article / poem / short story to Daijiworld, please email it to mentioning 'Article/poem submission for daijiworld' in the subject line. Please note the following:

  • The article / poem / short story should be original and previously unpublished in other websites except in the personal blog of the author. We will cross-check the originality of the article, and if found to be copied from another source in whole or in parts without appropriate acknowledgment, the submission will be rejected.
  • The author of the poem / article / short story should include a brief self-introduction limited to 500 characters and his/her recent picture (optional). Pictures relevant to the article may also be sent (optional), provided they are not bound by copyright. Travelogues should be sent along with relevant pictures not sourced from the Internet. Travelogues without relevant pictures will be rejected.
  • In case of a short story / article, the write-up should be at least one-and-a-half pages in word document in Times New Roman font 12 (or, about 700-800 words). Contributors are requested to keep their write-ups limited to a maximum of four pages. Longer write-ups may be sent in parts to publish in installments. Each installment should be sent within a week of the previous installment. A single poem sent for publication should be at least 3/4th of a page in length. Multiple short poems may be submitted for single publication.
  • All submissions should be in Microsoft Word format or text file. Pictures should not be larger than 1000 pixels in width, and of good resolution. Pictures should be attached separately in the mail and may be numbered if the author wants them to be placed in order.
  • Submission of the article / poem / short story does not automatically entail that it would be published. Daijiworld editors will examine each submission and decide on its acceptance/rejection purely based on merit.
  • Daijiworld reserves the right to edit the submission if necessary for grammar and spelling, without compromising on the author's tone and message.
  • Daijiworld reserves the right to reject submissions without prior notice. Mails/calls on the status of the submission will not be entertained. Contributors are requested to be patient.
  • The article / poem / short story should not be targeted directly or indirectly at any individual/group/community. Daijiworld will not assume responsibility for factual errors in the submission.
  • Once accepted, the article / poem / short story will be published as and when we have space. Publication may take up to four weeks from the date of submission of the write-up, depending on the number of submissions we receive. No author will be published twice in succession or twice within a fortnight.
  • Time-bound articles (example, on Mother's Day) should be sent at least a week in advance. Please specify the occasion as well as the date on which you would like it published while sending the write-up.

Comment on this article

  • Roland, Mangalore

    Sat, Sep 16 2023

    I think the IMEC is the idea of the Americans, rather than India. India is only trying to get sonte be fit, and I don’t think it is concerned about the global economy. It wouldn’t be right to justify India is trying to help global economy - when they have inflation and high costs of living to tackle for their own population.

Leave a Comment

Title: As West Flags Doubts on China’s BRI, India Moots IMEC as Viable Option

You have 2000 characters left.


Please write your correct name and email address. Kindly do not post any personal, abusive, defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent, discriminatory or unlawful or similar comments. will not be responsible for any defamatory message posted under this article.

Please note that sending false messages to insult, defame, intimidate, mislead or deceive people or to intentionally cause public disorder is punishable under law. It is obligatory on Daijiworld to provide the IP address and other details of senders of such comments, to the authority concerned upon request.

Hence, sending offensive comments using daijiworld will be purely at your own risk, and in no way will be held responsible.