Are Bashavadis Spoiling NEP Broth?

November 15, 2021

You taught me language; and my profit on’t

Is, I know how to curse. The red plague rid you

For learning me your language!

William Shakespeare 1564- 1616), English dramatic poet in Tempest.

Languages, many in number in India, unlike one sole during Shakespeare’s time, tend to vitiate the educational scene, especially in the context of New Educational Policy (NEP) currently being launched in the backdrop of receding coronavirus devastation. Against such handicaps India’s bashawadis seem to be out claiming their pound of flesh. This is reflected in a recent Karnataka High Court proceedings reported by Donna Eva and published in The New Indian Express on November 14, 2021 –and excerpted below – under the headline: “Why bring politics into edu, HC to govt.”

The Karnataka High Court on November 11, 2021 reprimanded the government for politicising the issue of implementing Kannada under NEP. The high court was hearing a public interest litigation (PIL). “The government brought up some issues after which the court cautioned it,” said Dr Shridhara Bhat who was one of the petitioners.

Dr. Bhat also said that over a hundred students had sent letters to the government expressing their dissatisfaction over the implementation of Kannada under NEP. But the state government claims that four Sanskrit organisations that have filed a PIL before the Karnataka High Court are doing so to promote their personal interests.

“More than a hundred students from multiple regions and categories had sent letters to the education department, which were returned without acknowledgement,” said Dr Bhat. A number of language teachers’ associations too had sent letters to the government, pointing out that the implementation would lead to havoc, he added.

The court said that it might order a survey to find out how many students have dropped out due to implementation of Kannada. The government has filed a number of objections, seeking dismissal of the petition. Among them, it has alleged that the petitioners have a private interest in the matter and no students or affected people had approached the court directly. “They want the students, who are unable to pay legal fees, to approach the court directly,” said Dr Bhat. He mentioned that the petitioners are small-time lecturers, who are pursuing the case by paying from their pockets.

It is relevant at this point to back-track in time and excerpt from a report by Bharat Joshi in The New Indian Express dated July 22, 2013.

Steady decrease in enrolment in Kannada schools

Even as the Supreme Court debates whether all children should study in their mother tongue, a report drawn up by Karnataka’s Education Department shows a decline in the number of students who want to study in Kannada.

As per the latest government figures, enrolment in Kannada schools has decreased by 10 per cent with a corresponding increase in English medium schools since 2006.

“It can be attributed to the general perception that English opens doors of opportunities in the long term, so parents seem to prefer English medium of instruction. We find this increasing in embourgeoise class (neo-middle class). Also, it could be that many schools who were licenced to run Kannada medium have switched over to English,” said A S Seetharamu, consultant for Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

The Education Department’s recent Analytical Report-2012, however, makes the decline in the number of children enrolling in Kannada schools ‘insignificant’.

The shift in favour of English schools is evident in Urdu, Tamil, Telugu, Marathi and Hindi medium also.

The percentage of students enrolled in English schools in 2012 is 19.91 per cent.

“As per the population census, the proportion of people whose mother tongue is English is far below this percentage. Hence, it is understood that either children whose mother tongue is not Kannada and do not have the facility for schooling in their mother tongue at their place of stay or others who do not prefer to pursue their studies in their mother tongue may opt for English as medium of instruction,” the report states.

The issue is, as far as students and their parents are concerned is between basha and bread and their concrete decision is reflected in voting with their feet – migrating from basha schools to English medium schools.

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By John B Monteiro
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Comment on this article

  • Dr.Urban D'Souza, Udyavar/Mangalore

    Tue, Nov 16 2021

    Good article by Mr Monteiro on the language issues in our region. Yes every parent of current time want to educate his child with the medium of English language. We Indians are open to learn any language easily. Definitely knowing English has raised our international standing as it is very much evident that top positions are held by Indians in many sectors internationally. I appreciate the realistic quote "We find this increasing in embourgeoise class (neo-middle class)". Broadly if we check learning in Kannada medium till primary or high school is an additional benefit for the holistic development of the child; though Kannada medium, second language is English to the wards and there is scope for the child to study pre-university and University education in English medium. Most of the achievers of yester and current years had their primary education in their local language or mother tongue. China, Japan, France, many European nations too have adopted their language instead of English as medium of communication and education. Kannada or any other local language of our region need to be nurtured by at least conversing in our homes. It is so disheartening to see our own community where many Konkani singers and musicians think that by composing and singing songs they are nurturing our language but the very fact that these people even within their circle or families use English as their communicating language. Every local language need to be nurtured by using it in our day to day life in the families. Fear is that even our own Konkani is used by our own people to a lesser extent. Ne-middle class people are under the impression that, speaking English makes them modern!!! Kannada needs to be our first language as it is our State Language. Jain Hind, Jai Karnataka

  • Rohan, Mangalore

    Tue, Nov 16 2021

    The Chinese have shown us that language is not a barrier to anything. It is a myth that English has an edge. Immaterial of the language the future prospects depend on the aptitude and skill. Mother tongue is best suited for education as it is an inbuilt aptitude having an edge. Now a days as the affluent have made English the mother tongue medium of everyday conversations at home and otherwise it also suits as a good medium of basic instruction.

  • Mangalurian, Mangaluru

    Tue, Nov 16 2021

    Yet another great article Mr Monteiro. While a language may be an emotional issue to the semi-educated masses, it is also a path to business monopoly and/or position opportunities to the language mafia. The Kannada language mafia has been active for decades. Thankfully, as more and more people are getting better educated, and as you rightly say that the people are looking for better opportunities for their own children, the Kannadigas are ditching Kannada for English. Many more would have the English way if schools in this medium were easily accessible. In the rural areas, students are forced to attend Kannada medium schools as there are no alternatives. If home-schooling takes off (and the pandemic has given it a start, it appears), the decline in Kannada medium education is expected to accelerate dramatically.

  • Rajan, Mangalore

    Mon, Nov 15 2021

    To make a survey ---how many politicians children are in English medium schools - lets say since 2000- 2001- Also how many politicians children studying abroad - how many working abroad -

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