Morale-builder during Emergency of 1975: Dr Subramanian Swamy

June 25, 2021

It completes 46 years from the date of declaration of the Emergency in 1975 by Indira Gandhi, the then Prime Minister (PM) of India. At this juncture it’s important to remember some heroic actions of one man who did not lose hope in retrieving the suspended Democracy. Almost everybody had lost the hope of getting the Democracy back in India, but some brave hearts had fought back with great courage. One such Brave heart was Dr Subramanian Swamy.

Even though the reason for declaration of Emergency was stated as “to control Internal Disturbances and the threats to India”, the actual reason stands out different. There were several instances which made the then PM Mrs. Gandhi to be insecure of her position. Initially started with “Navnirman Movement” during December 1973, as a protest against school fees hike and grew up to dismissal of State government Assembly due to the Corruption in Gujarat. Gandhi who had refused to dismiss the State Government for its corruption charges, was forced to implement President’s rule in March 1975 because of fast unto death by Morarji Desai. Later in March 1974, a similar movement had been launched by the famous freedom fighter Jayaprakash Narayan which was called as ‘The JP Movement’ had erupted similar kind of protests in Bihar. Another such protest during this period was the Railway Protest led by George Fernandes, due to which transportation of people and goods through railways was onerous. In spite of these movements there was another main threat which forced Gandhi to declare the Emergency.

Raj Narain who had lost to Gandhi from Raebareli Constituency in the general elections had filed a petition in the Allahabad High Court, accusing the PM that she spent more money than the Election Commission had allowed then and the government officials were used in the Campaign. Under this petition on June 12, 1975, the Allahabad High Court declared Gandhi’s election to the Parliament as Null and Void, further gave 20 days to appeal in the Supreme Court. On June 24, Supreme Court had imposed a conditional stay on the order of High Court allowing Gandhi to attend Parliament, but the voting power was taken off. This led to some senior leaders of Congress come to the opinion that her resignation would be an advantage to the Party. These were some of the reasons which forced Gandhi to declare the Emergency which ended up for 21 months.

Dr Subramanian Swamy who was a strong critic of Indira Gandhi and the Economic Policies adopted by her government back then, was also the target of her atrocities during the Emergency. Early morning on the 25th June, 1975, Swamy got the news of arrest of K. R. Malkani, editor of ‘Motherland’ Newspaper through his wife and got a call from SHO confirming his availability. Taking this as a hint Dr Swamy leaves to his friend’s house and escaped from the Police who had come to detain him. The impact of Emergency was too harsh that Fundamental rights were taken off, and all the activities were controlled by the government.

In the initial days of Emergency, Dr Swamy disguised as Sardar and driver of Nanaji Deshmukh who had disguised as Businessman. During this time, Swamy got to know the strength of RSS which was successful in organising underground campaigns, distribution of newsletters and educating the people on evil intentions of Gandhi behind the Emergency. Dr Swamy had travelled to several places with help of RSS. He even went to Gujarat where Narendra Modi received him and accompanied him to visit Jan Sangh leader Makrand Desai. The people who opposed the emergency and the opposition party were jailed. This continued for some months, later Nanaji was arrested and kept in Tihar jail for rest of the Emergency. Nanaji passed a secret message through underground RSS Karyakartas to Dr Swamy to leave India, go to US and spread the truth about the Emergency Internationally as Gandhi was more concerned of International Image.

Dr Swamy travelled almost all parts of US educating about the problems faced by the Indians in the Emergency and arrest of well-known leaders by Gandhi Government. Even then this did not bother Gandhi and there were no signs of lifting off the declared emergency. Instead, she started harassing his family with all the powers she had. So, Dr Swamy had an adventurous plan to return to India, as he was Member of Parliament, to keep his membership alive one should be present at least once in 6 months. Dr Swamy had well planned strategy to return to India, enter Parliament and escape without being caught by the Police.

One of the problems back then was names of people coming to India through flight had to be updated with Indian Government, if Dr Swamy had booked a ticket to India, he would have been caught by the police as he landed in India. But Dr Swamy had booked a ticket to Bangkok, which en route stops in India and he lands in India. Thereafter he comes to his own house in the disguise of a TV repairer to save himself from the Police who had put as surveillance in Dr Swamy’s residence. After some days as per the pre-planned strategy Dr Swamy had to enter the Parliament.

Dr Subramanian Swamy without any disguise enters the Parliament where a Policeman gets surprised by seeing him. Even though he had to arrest him, there was no arrest warrant handy, so he had to call the Police Station to confirm on status of the Warrant, his effort did not bear any fruit. Dr Swamy enters with his colleague Indrajeet Gupta. While Dr Swamy entered the Parliament Vice President Jatti was reading out the obituaries. Dr Swamy immediately raised a point of order, asks Chairman to include the Democracy in the list of Obituaries, which also died. But Chairman refuses to take a point of order, in protest of which Dr Swamy walks out of Parliament. His presence in Parliament had stunned all the members in the Parliament. As soon as he came out of Parliament Dr Swamy was successful in getting train to Mathura and going underground.

The courageous act of Dr Swamy made him famous internationally. This made Gandhi more intense to catch Swamy. He stayed underground with help of RSS and Madhav Rao Mule at Bombay and Pune for 3 months. Gandhi had forced some of the Jan Sangha leaders like Atal Bihari Vajpayee, S M Joshi and Nana Ghore to sign the Twenty Point Programme. But there was need of Dr Swamy to sign it, Vajpayee had insisted Swamy to surrender and sign the programme, But Madhav Rao Mule refused to do so. Madhav Rao insists Dr Swamy to leave India as the search for him was intensified by Gandhi.

Now, Dr Swamy had to plan for leaving India. Through RSS networks he asks for help from his student and King of Nepal, King Veerendra. But he asks Dr Swamy to pass the Indian Border, so that he can help further in travelling to US, if there is any information of supporting Dr Swamy by King Veerendra is leaked Gandhi may declare war against Nepal. With the help of RSS, Dr Swamy was successful in crossing the Border and reaching the Nepal where the vehicle was kept ready for him to drive to the nearest airport, from where he reached Kathmandu and visited his student King Veerendra. From there Dr Swamy flew back to US and was successful in his adventurous journey. This thriller Entry and Escape from Parliament deranged Gandhi and was a morale builder among the people of India. By this heroic act of Dr Swamy, Gandhi had come to know that people will not take the Emergency for long, hence she dissolves the Parliament and elections were announced in March 1977 and the Democracy stood up again in the Republic of India.

 

 

 

 

 

By Gurudath Shetty Karkala
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Comment on this article

  • Vishal, Puttur

    Thu, Jul 01 2021

    Firstly, the topic emergency is stale. So much has been written on it. People know what it is. Important thing is that people again voted Mrs Indira Gandhi to power. Secondly, I do not wish to point out factual errors, but Dr Swamy is having only one point agenda of maligning the Gandhi family. Does he talk anything else than that? It looks like that he has no other no positive plans for the country. His one argument is that Rahul Gandhi is on drugs. BJP just ignores him too.

  • Alphy, Mumbai

    Thu, Jul 01 2021

    Thank you Gurudath for a detailed synopsis of Dr Swamy. Unfortunately, there are several factual errors in your write up and the entire write up seems to highlight Dr Swamy. You failed to mention that Mrs. Indira Gandhi had the highest regard in the entire world and was named along with Goldamere of Israel and Margaret Thatcher of UK. Emergency was declared due to unavoidable circumstances, definitely not acceptable but, the atrocities committed was very minimal and never affected the common man. I was in the University at that time, and the memory is still vivid. However, the undeclared emergency that every one of us facing since 2014 is more treacherous as democracy has been thrown out completely. Current regime is changing the constitution of India and has not hesitated in eliminating those who were opposed to them, example Loya. Many are languishing in Jail for zero fault and scores of journalist are slaughtered. If you had to do a comparative article on Emergency of 1975 Vs current undeclared emergency, I would have appreciated your article. When penning the article, it is important to be true in all respects as truth always prevails and all false info to glorify, gets exposed. The comments in this forum is ample proof of that.

  • Manohar, Udupi

    Mon, Jun 28 2021

    In 2021 we should be writing about whose presence made the Indian moonlanding failed at last minute ???

  • Rajesh Shetty, Udupi

    Mon, Jun 28 2021

    Look for the present, no use to take the old memories, country will not develop unless you take old things for discussion.

  • Michael, Brahmavar

    Sun, Jun 27 2021

    All the ruthless dictators who misused the power are either killed themselves or got killed. Same fate awaits for those the ignore the the history and continue to practice the dictatorship. All the best.

  • Sunil K, Mangalore

    Sun, Jun 27 2021

    Sadly this is the distorted history that is being taught in RSS shakas - RSS does not even hoist the Indian national flag in its compound and considers assassin Godse to be a national hero. Please learn the complete history and not what is spoon fed to you.

  • Prabhu .K., Mangalore

    Sun, Jun 27 2021

    Why to highlight emergency now. First save the life from COVID and improve economy . Indiraji did lot of Good to the poor and farmers.

  • Sunil K, Mangalore

    Sun, Jun 27 2021

    Nehru and Indira faced jail time during British rule to ensure independence for our country while RSS (now BJP) so-called leaders were good at hiding and running away then and now. The current 7 years of Emergency will be big black blot in the history of modern India and Modi's name will probably go down as the one of the worst PM in the world.

  • MOHAMED, Mangaluru

    Sun, Jun 27 2021

    Do you know why at this crucial time, government and so called media is highlighting the 46 years old story? This is just to divert people's mind from the burning issues of modi's failures. Only blind bhakts may get fooled, but not whole india.

  • Jana iyengar, Tamil nadu

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    And this was the time Dr Swamy turned jet black haired from the silver grey hair he till then sported.

  • HENRY MISQUITH, India

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    At the same time golden days can not be ignored. Don't think that by criticising Mrs.Gandhi you win the race. Come out with the list of 'achievements" You have done for the last seven years. Why recall forty six years back episodes. We young Indian didn’t see the 1975 emergency but can feel the pain of current emergency by PM Modi n Team.

  • Ponkra, Mangalore

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    Mrs. Gandhi was forced to implement President’s rule in March 1975 because of fast unto death by Morarji Desai. When the farmers are dying here, our beloved PM don't even have time. What a difference!!! Youth leader Sitaram Yechuri could lead the student protests and Mrs Gandhi listened to his arguments but now the present PM does not even want to listen to the opposition leaders. Education makes the difference. In 1975 Emergency, no journalists and judges killed, no one bought for money, judiciary is not hijacked, MLAs not sold as horses, not just 2 industrialists got all the contracts, no one run away with millions cheating the banks, no one beat the drums when pandemic hit.

  • ashok, Mangalore

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    Can anyone please explain to me how these things are possible. 1. How Swamy can go to USA, obtaining USA, passing through the airport security and immigration when the government is waiting to arrest him? 2. How he also can disembark in India from a flight destined for Bangkok and come out of the flight, pass through immigration and security once again when the government is waiting to arrest him? 3. How he can enter the parliament and speak when the government is waiting to arrest him?. 4. Even during emergency, where the basic rights of a citizen is provoked, police who recognised him could not arrest him for the lack of warrant? 5. He even came out of parliament, and was able to go to Mathura and then underground. How one can manage it when you're already been recognised and police are looking to arrest you and you have no right to defend because of state of emergency? 6. He was so close to RSS but was not part of BJP, nor taught his children about RSS philosophy. 7. He was so close to Modi even in 1975, but failed to get a cabinet berth when Modi became the PM.

  • Pravin Shetty, Mangaluru

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    In present emergency of Modi 34 journalists have been murdered and even honest judge like Loya was killed. But in Indira Gandhi's emergency there was no murder of any journalist nor any honest judge.

  • Pravin Shetty, Mangaluru

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    The present emergency of Modi which started in 2014 is 10 times more harsh than 1975-77 emergency of Indiraji. Indira Gandhi was highly educated and dignified, hence she ended emergency only in 28 months. But present PM is uneducated & uncultured, and he is prolonging harsh emergency since last 84 months and no hope of ending it soon.

  • Pravin Shetty, Mangaluru

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    This same swamy raised objection against use of EVM in election as it can be easily tampered, and went to SC in 2011. But when SC ordered to install VVPAT and also count 100% vote slips. But in 2014 & 2019 when there was allegation of tampering EVM by Modi's henchmen the same Sway did not open mouth . This Swamy always showed double standard.

  • Joel, Mangalore

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    Dr. Swamy is a weird but inteligent politicians who will often criticize the decision taken by his own party. But he won't do much about it than twitting it.

  • anthony, mangalore

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    Subramaniam Swamy do not be oblivious to the happenings of the last six years under the BJP rule which is nothing but undeclared Emergency in our country. Subramaniam Swamy you are conveniently forgetting what the people of the country have been experiencing for the past seven years of virtual undeclared Emergency under your rule. Over 7000 citizens across the country are charged with sedition, unknown number of citizens across the country charged with the Draconian Law of UAPA that denied Bail and precious freedom for one long year. All the Constitutional Authorities have been degraded or rendered ineffective or reduntant. Where is the Lokpal and the CVC to check the rampant corruption raging across the country. Parlament is not functioning as the way it should function, Democracy has become a farce with peoples representatives being bought like donkeys and peoples will being subverted with inducements and Immunity from prosecution.

  • Robin, Byndoor

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    Your article on Swamy is interesting and worth reading. Do you know anything about much disturbance faced by the Popular chief minister of Karnataka Mr. Ramakrishna Hegde, belongs to same Janata Party by this Swamy being within the same party ?

  • Robin, Byndoor

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    Who is this guy Halemane ? Last time one Halemane was tried as an independent candidate for MP election who was said to be US returned. I have heard his brother was a Professor at NITK. This post only says the state of mind of these extraordinary people who migrated to US with their strong background and later collapsing with their mental health.

  • thirumala raya halemane, MANGALORE / PRINCETON

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    excellent thanks bestwishes worlddramastageSEEKING SUITABLEBRIDES FOROUR SONS, Kaviraj&Shilpi OURGOAL ENABLE REACHfullPOTENTIAL,FUTURE POTUS MeJOBLOST bigshock family,India wifeworked lowlevel hardwork promoted,CHILDREN SUFFERED ===Fwd: 2019 June 15 Me: Beautiful. ps: Although in severe shock and great stress, we have faced the challenges and moved forward crossing the barriers, biases, impediments etc that came before us, ... it was tough, not easy, for my wife and sons and the others also ... I brought up my two sons Kaviraj and Shilpi as future presidents of usa, with that attitude/ outlook/ mindset, supporting and encouraging the leadership nature already in them. They are born in usa, grew up in usa and consider themselves as Americans. The country, the people and the whole world including India where we parents are originally from will need their leadership and contributions to go forward towards better future vision in true spirit of America. It is the nature of truth, nature of nature, nature of humanity. It is the only way. There is no other choice. Actually, we do not need a different choice. Because, it is also the best way. Perfect for America and the whole world. Nothing else can be better, however you may look at it. Best wishes. Aummmm....we are seeking suitable brides for our two sons... any help, efforts etc much appreciatedThe world is dramastage weare actors Our life is what we do OUR ACT, our daily living is our daily acting role, acting finished means life finished. WE ARE SEEKING SUITABLE BRIDES FOR OUR TWO SONS, OUR GOAL IS TO ENABLE THEM REACH FULL TRUE HIGHER POTENTIAL, FUTURE PRESIDENTS OF USA. I was fired from AT&T Bell Labs in 1992 scientist engineer, it was big shock for whole family, in India too. interviews for new jobs blocked. although in shock wife worked from low level hard work later promoted, children targeted.   my email trhalemane gmail.com mobile +17329389686 also please feel free to visit my public instagram is thirumalaraya

  • Ben D'Souza Prabhu, Mangalore, Bombay Bandra now in Canada

    Sat, Jun 26 2021

    Thank you dear Mr Gurudath Shelly for you spine inspiring article on the " Emergency " of 1975 declared by our then Prime Minister Mrs Indira Gandhi; and the aftermath incidents, specially the escape of our Outstanding Courageous Leader and Morale Builder, Dr Subramanian Swamy. I do appreciate many vital details mentioned by you, Good work indeed. Keep writing and enlighten us once in a way as you think best. Best of Luck, Good Health and Happiness to you always !

  • Manohar, Udupi

    Fri, Jun 25 2021

    I wish Swamy should be finance Minister ..............we are in a undeclared emergency in 2021 more intense than 1975. My way or no way.

  • Rohan, Mangalore

    Fri, Jun 25 2021

    Thank you Gurudath for writing again. Very interesting story and very well written. Keep up the good work.

  • Carlton Saldanha, Shirva/New York

    Fri, Jun 25 2021

    Intresting information regarding Dr Swamy.


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