July 20, 2020
Grape is liked by all human beings from childhood because of its taste and colour. This fruit is having nutritional value also. According to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), one cup of red or green grapes weighing around 151 grams (gm) contains:104 kilocalories, 1.09 gm of protein, 0.24 gm of fat 27.33 gm of carbohydrate, of which 23.37 gm is sugars,1.4 gm of fibre, 288 mg of potassium, 15 milligrams (mg) of calcium, 0.54 mg of iron, 11 mg of magnesium, 30 mg of phosphorus, 3 mg of sodium, 0.11 mg of zinc, 4.8 mg of vitamin C, 22 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin K and 3 mcg of folate (www.medicalnewstoday.com).
It may be mentioned that grapes are found in different colours and forms (big & small). There are red, green, black, purple etc, as well as with seeds and seedless. Medically it has been proved that grapes are helpful in prevention of cancer, heart disease, high blood pressure, and constipation.
Grape can be consumed fresh as table grape or it can be used for making wine, jam, grape juice, jelly, grape seed extract, raisins, vinegar, and grape seed oil as value addition.
According to “2019 Statistical Report on World Vitiviniculture”, around 77.8 Million Tonnes of grapes were produced in 2018 in the world, of which 57 percent was for making wine, 36 percent table grape and 7 percent dried grape.
Further, the ‘2019 Statistical Report on World Vitiviniculture’, evinces that in 2018, China produced 11.7 million tonnes of grape of which 84.1 percent was for table purpose, 10.3 percent for making wine and 5.6 percent for selling as dry-grape. Next to China, Italy was second highest producer of grape as in 2018 the country produced 8.6 million tonnes of grape of which 13.5 percent was for table purpose and rest (86.5%) was for wine. USA and Spain occupied jointly in third rank for production of grape as individual grape production was 6.9 million tonnes. Of which 96 percent grape in Spain was used for wine production and 4 percent for table purpose. Against the backdrop, in USA 16.3 percent was for table purpose, 18.1 percent was treated as dried grape and 65.6 percent for making wine. In India, total production was 2.9 million tonnes, of which 92.6 percent was for table purpose, 5.9 percent used as dry-grape and 1.5percent was for production of wine. Maximum quantity of grape is used in France and Germany for preparing wine. In France, total production was 6.2 million tonnes, of which 99.6 percent was used for wine purpose and the same was the case of Germany as out of a total production of 1.4 million tonnes, 99.6 percent was used for making wine. So, it is evident that grape in general is used for making wine than the other two purposes and fetching more income as value addition.