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Welcome to Kudla, South Australia

January 7, 2017


It was the end of yet another year again. The holiday season along with the kids’ summer vacation seemed to have arrived earlier than we had comprehended. It was that time of the year to take a break and venture on a family holiday. This year, we made a trip by road to the State of South Australia that lies towards the west of State of Victoria, where we reside. Believe it or not, there is a Kudla near Adelaide – the Capital of the South Australian State,which we did not miss to pay a visit. This piece of writing is all about Australian Kudla’s story.

For easy reference – I have used the term ‘Aussie Kudla’ to tag the Kudla in South Australia. The term ‘Namma Kudla’ is used to denote Mangaluru’s Tulu name in Karnataka state, India.


Welcome to Aussie Kudla, State of South Australia, Australia:

South Australia is one of the six Australian States (the other two are Mainland Territories) as the name itself suggests, south of Australia. The city of Adelaide is its capital. Kudla is a coastal suburb south of the town of Gawler (marked in the second map - fourth biggest town in the State of South Australia by population), just off the main North Road in southeast South Australia situated 34 km (21 miles) north-northeast from the city centre of Adelaide. The distance from Aussie Kudla to Barossa Valley (as marked in the first mini-map), one of Australia’s renowned wine producing regions is approx. 32 km.

Aussie Kudla at an altitude of about 53.3 m above sea level covers an area of approx. 647 hectares (1598 acres).It is in the local government area (LGA) of 'Gawler'. The 'Gawler' local government area is classified as a 'Town'. The Gawler local government area includes 13 cities, towns, villages and localities. A local government area (abbreviated as 'LGA') is an area controlled by a local government.The postcode for Kudla is 5115 and it is in the federal electorate of Wakefield.


Population, Demography, Religion:


A view of ‘Aussie Kudla’ from Angle Vale Road - one of the suburbs main roads

Kudla has a population of just around 694 as per the 2011 census and Australia being one of the least densely populated countries in the world, this comes as no surprise. The ratio between males and females is 54% male, 46% female respectively. The median/average age of the Kudla population is 44 years of age, 7 years above the Australian average.

Majority of the people in Kudla were born in Australia, their ancestors being English. However, compared to the rest of Australia, Kudla has an above average migrant population, with around 30% of residents born overseas. The top countries of birth for migrants in the area are: United Kingdom (7.6%), Italy (7.3%), Greece (3.6%), Laos (2.3%), Vietnam (1.7%), Netherlands (1.5%) and Croatia (1.1%).

The religious make up of Kudla is 60.5% Christianity with majority of them Catholics, with the group claiming that they do not follow any religion making up the othermain category. Buddhism made up of 4.1% and there were none following Islam or Hinduism.


Climate:


A day in summer in ‘Aussie Kudla’ with clouds hovering above, yet balmy

Compared to the rest of Australia, Kudla experiences above average wind speed and below average rainfall, humidity levels and numbers of clear days. Daytime temperatures, overnight temperatures and numbers of cloudy days are average.

Summer in Aussie Kudla is between December and February and maximum daily temperatures average between 27.8 and 30°C with overnight minimums averaging between 14.7 and 16.6°C.

Summer days are balmy, averaging around 30°C in the hottest months.Winter is between June and August and maximum daily temperatures average between 15.3 and 16.3°C with overnight minimums averaging between 5.9 and 6.8°C. Winter days in Kudla are moderately cool but can be moderately cold if windy, dropping to around 15.3 °C. The annual rainfall of Kudla is about 438 mm and the most rain received by Kudla in a day was 100 mm.


Kudla Railway Station:



Kudla Railway Station is located on the Gawler line on Macalister Road, near 27 Wattle Terrace

Kudla Railway Station is a Station on the Gawler Line which is to the west of the Main North Road. Gawler Central Line (the rail route in Adelaide, South Australia) runs from the Adelaide Railway Station north to the town of Gawler on the outer fringe of the city where the line crosses Dalkeith Road. It is the longest of the Adelaide suburban railway lines. The Station was originally opened in 1959, possibly with a 'step down' platform and the current platform was constructed in 1961. By around 1987, the current platform shelter had been installed. If you want to get to the Kudla Railway Station, the address is Macalister Road, near 27 Wattle Terrace, Kudla. Stop codes– 18556 (Platform 1) and 16532 (Platform 2).


The railway time tables on platform 1 (Kudla – Gawler Central) and platform 2 (Kudla to Adelaide City)

The Station is accessed by level pedestrian crossing. The frequency during peak time is every 30 minutes, weekend frequency every 30 minutes and the night frequency every 60 minutes. Having two platforms, with a centre platform layout, there is a Passenger Information Speaker. However, there is no Passenger Information Display, neither car parking or bicycle storage facilities nor toilets.


Kudla Railway Station consists of 2 tracks, boom lights and gates. Dalkeith Road runs through the Station, another of suburb’s main road

The Station is one of the least used on the entire network, due to it being located in a semi-rural neighbourhood between the suburban areas of Munno Para, Evanstown and Gawler. With successive governments, debate rages on from time to time whether it is viableto keep such a Railway Stationgoing which is sparsely used and whether all the trains passing this line should stop at the Kudla Railway Station. It was also revealed sometime ago that express services on the Gawler line will be drastically cut with only a few services. During our visit to the Railway Station, we did not get to see any trains pass by, however the Information Speaker had something to say about the trains being delayed that day.


The origin of the name ‘Kudla’:



The sign board on the Railway Station platform where the suburb got its name from

No need to get excited! Aussie ‘Kudla’ is not of Tulu origin and hence it has no relation with Namma Kudla. Aussie ‘Kudla’ is named after the Kudla Railway Station (opened in 1959) which in turn has been named from an Aboriginal word which means ‘level ground’, ‘open’ or ‘remote.’ (Indigenous Australians are the Aboriginal people of Australia, descended from groups that existed in Australia and surrounding islands prior to European colonisation. Australian Aboriginal languages consist of 27 language families and isolates). Some names are named in the reverse order, deriving from an existing property in the vicinity and Kudla falls under this category. The name for the Kudla locality was approved by the Council only in 1982, in preference to the other alternate possibilities. An email to the Gawler City Council as to the name and history of this place prior to 1982, drew a blank as that specific query among others was not answered. As we are aware, Mangaluru is known by the name 'Kudla' by the Tulu-speaking community which means 'junction' translated into English.

Apart from this Kudla in the State of South Australia, there is a ‘Kuddila Street’ in the suburbs of Rochedales and Engadine in the States of Queensland and New South Wales respectively.


Interesting Facts:



The electronic time table in Adelaide Central Station indicating the next train to Kudla departs at 07.50

• Gawler is reputedly the first country town in the state of South Australia and is named after the second Governor (British Vice-Regal representative) of the colony of South Australia, George Gawler. It is located about 42 km north of Adelaide and is close to the major wine producing district of the Barossa Valley. Topographically, Gawler lies at the confluence of two tributaries of the Gawler River, the North and South Para rivers, where they emerge from a range of low hills. Aussie Kudla, a locality just being about 8 km away from Gawler can be associated to our Namma Kudla which is also at the confluence of the two rivers - Nethravathi and Phalguni.


The train that goes to‘Aussie Kudla’ stationed at the Adelaide Central Station

• Aussie Kudlajust like Namma Kudla is a coastal localityoff the Main North Road and is at times humid for the better part of the year.

• Aussie Kudla and Namma Kudla – both are above sea level. The former about 53.3m and the latter about22m.

• Both the Adelaide Railway Station (Australia) where Kudla Railway Station is located and our Mangaluru (Kudla) Central Railway Station (India) are "dead end" stations. That means to say, they are Terminal Stations with no through lines.


The Adelaide Railway Station in North Terrace in Adelaide, South Australia is a dead end Station like the Mangaluru Central Railway Station

• All lines in the Adelaide Railway Station approach the Station from the west but I am not so sure about the Mangaluru Central Railway Station except for the fact when we stand on the Platform, trains approach from the right to the left.Readers could throw some light on this. The answer could determine whether there is a similarity or difference between the two of them.

• Adelaide Railway Station which was opened in 1856 has 9bay platforms with 9 tracks all with broad gauge. Mangaluru Central Railway Station, Attavar, opened in 1907 has 4 platforms in use and 14 tracks.

• Mangalore of Tasmania is about 34 km north-northwest of the State’s capital Hobart. Kudla of South Australia is about 34 km north-northeast from the State’s capital Adelaide. Note the identical distances of Mangalore of Tasmania and Kudla of South Australia from the State’s capital and the fact that both lie to the north.


Critical Appraisal:

A comparison of different censuses every five years denotes a lot of movement in and out of Kudla. Kudla has nothing much to offer and as such people may be migrating in search of greener pastures. Since the suburb is relatively cheap real estate wise and economical, many are moving in as well. As such, the demography constantly changes. The immediate adjacent suburb of Munno Para hogs the entire spotlight which includes a vast Shopping Centre that is just a kilometre away from the Kudla Railway Station. Many of the streets of the two suburbs overlap each other and are better known to be in the suburb of Munno Para in such acontradictory situation.

We criss-crossed inner roads of ‘Aussie Kudla,’ many of them unsealed with dust spraying all around. It appears to be a bit underdeveloped compared to other parts of South Australia that we travelled. All we found was vast expanse of nature with a few spots covered neatly with trees and crops. Many houses were new, but majority were of battered condition so to say with cattle outnumbering perhaps the occupants of the house. We failed to even locatethe suburb’s main sign board. The only name board we found was on Platform 1 of the Kudla Railway Station and the one on Platform 2 missing. The Railway Station itself is in a dilapidated condition and not maintained with graffiti sprayed all around. Either side of the Station is not even tarred.

As a result, Kudla Community Inc. (KCI) was formed in 2010 to represent the views of Kudla landowners who support the rejuvenation and improvement of the Kudla area. The objectives of KCI are to promote the development and landscaping of Kudla and to petition relevant public authorities for the provision of infrastructure and facilities and over time redevelop Kudla into ‘South Australia’s Greenest suburb.’More details can be had from the KCI website www.kudla.org.au. KCI was formed in 2010 and going around the suburb six years later, it appears there has not been much headway.


The road on either side of the Kudla Railway Station is unsealed. The Station itself is not maintained and is in a dilapidated condition



The immediate adjacent suburb of Munno Para is dubbed as a mini-city in stark contrast to ‘Aussie Kudla’

Meanwhile, our visit to Kudla, South Australia has had its own fragrance and lingers on as we continue to brag that we might have been the first people ever from ‘Namma Kudla’ to visit ‘Aussie Kudla’ and thus have experienced the better of the two worlds.

I will leave you with a few more pictures of ‘Aussie Kudla.’

 

 

Stephen P D'Souza Archives:

 

 

By Stephen P D'Souza, Melbourne, Australia

Comment on this article

  • Catholic Mangalore, Melbourne

    Tue, Jan 17 2017

    One more funky place in Oz,,Planning a long drive to Great Ocean Road, Adelaide, hope to see Kudla if I have time. Cheers. And yeas Kevin, there are many Mangaloreans youth in Melbourne today. I am in touch with most of blokes being a bloke myself at 27.. You should check Melbourne Konkan Association too .. MKA

    Agree

  • Stephen P. D'Souza, Kadri/Melbourne

    Mon, Jan 16 2017

    Thanks Ralph on your appreciation of my Article. Long time no hear though! Next time, when you are down from Perth, visiting Melbourne, let's catch up.

    Agree

  • Ralph, Kadri

    Mon, Jan 16 2017

    Great article from you as always ... well done !!
    Regards Ralph /WA

    Agree [1]

  • Stephen P. D'Souza, Kadri/Melbourne

    Mon, Jan 16 2017

    Thanks Kevin. I wish your dream comes true!

    Agree [1]

  • kevin fernandes, kudla/mumbai

    Sun, Jan 15 2017

    I hope one day we would find many kudla, Mangalore families settled in Kudla, Australia.

    Agree [3]

  • Stephen P. D'Souza, Kadri/Melbourne

    Sun, Jan 15 2017

    Lakshman and Vincent, many thanks for your comments. Lakshman - I have answered your query below.

    Agree

  • Vincent Rodrigues, Katapadi/Frazer Town,Bangaluru

    Sun, Jan 15 2017

    Well covered article indeed.Thank you so much

    Agree [1]

  • Stephen P. D'Souza, Kadri/Melbourne

    Sun, Jan 15 2017

    Thanks Melvin and Pavan for your comments.

    Yes! There is a Mangalore in Victoria, Australia. I had written a detailed Article in 2008 which is now sans photos. The link is: http://www.daijiworld.com/chan/exclusive_arch.asp?ex_id=880. There is a Mangalore in the Australian State of Tasmania too. Here is the link for that piece of writing:
    http://www.daijiworld.com/chan/exclusive_arch.asp?ex_id=2153.

    To add to the list, there is a Mangalore in the State of Queensland, Australia approx. 800 kms west of the state capital Brisbane. Though I have travelled to this State before, could not go there. I sincerely hope, someone pays a visit and publish a Research Article. Cheers!

    Agree [2]

  • pavan, mangalore/ pune

    Fri, Jan 13 2017

    There is also a place called Mangalore in Victoria, Australia!!
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mangalore,_Victoria

    Agree [1]

  • Melvin Peres , Kaikamba (Bendore)

    Fri, Jan 13 2017

    Very interesting article!!!Lot of efforts in collecting illustrated information. Great work Stephen!!!Enjoyed reading.

    Agree [3]

  • Lakshman Bhakta, Manjeshwar

    Fri, Jan 13 2017

    I guess there is a place called 'Mangalore' too in Australia..

    Agree [3]

  • Stephen P. D'Souza, Kadri/Melbourne

    Thu, Jan 12 2017

    Thanks Geoffrey, Sapna and Dr Mohan for your comments.

    Have few photos of ‘Aussie Kudla’ houses too. But, did not send it for publication due to privacy concerns. Every Aussie suburb at least consists of a Government Primary School, a Post Office and a Church and I was mainly aiming to have these photos. However, Kudla being zoned as a ‘Rural Zone’ i.e. A zone comprising land to be retained in use primarily for agricultural purposes, it did not have any of these.

    Agree [3]

  • Dr Mohan Prabhu, LL.D,QC, mangalore/ottawa

    Tue, Jan 10 2017

    Congratulations Stephen! Great photos. Would have been interesting to see a few Kudla houses too.

    Agree [3]

  • Sapna Hegde, Bangalore

    Mon, Jan 9 2017

    Well researched Article. Congrats.

    Agree [10]

  • geoffrey, hat hill

    Sat, Jan 7 2017

    Every time I do Mangaluru – Goa by road/train, while passing through Ankola, can’t help wondering any likely African Angola connection.

    Agree [4]

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