23 crore Indians pushed into poverty amid pandemic: Report


New Delhi, May 6 (IANS): As the pandemic and the eventual lockdowns wreaked havoc on the economy and livelihoods, around 23 crore Indians have been pushed into poverty during the past one year, showed a report by Azim Premji University.

It said that the rural poverty rate increased by 15 percentage points and the urban poverty rate was up nearly 20 points.

"The number of individuals who lie below the national minimum wage threshold (Rs 375 per day as recommended by the Anoop Satpathy committee) increased by 230 million during the pandemic," said the report titled 'State of Working India 2021: One Year of Covid-19'.

It noted that though incomes fell across the board, the pandemic has taken a far heavier toll on poorer households. In April and May, the poorest 20 per cent of households lost their entire incomes.

In contrast, the richer households suffered losses of less than a quarter of their pre-pandemic incomes. Over the entire eight-month period (March to October), an average household in the bottom 10 per cent lost Rs 15,700, or just over two months' income.

Further, as per the report about 1.5 crore workers remained out of work by the end of 2020. About 10 crore people lost jobs during the nationwide April-May 2020 lockdown.

"Most were back at work by June 2020, but even by the end of 2020, about 15 million workers remained out of work," it said.

Incomes also remained depressed. Average monthly household income per capita in October 2020 (Rs 4,979) was still below its level in January 2020 (Rs 5,989).

Job losses were higher for states with a higher average Covid case load. Maharashtra, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, and Delhi, contributed disproportionately to job losses.

During the lockdown and in the months after, 61 per cent of working men remained employed and 7 per cent lost employment and did not return to work. For women, only 19 per cent remained employed and 47 per cent suffered a permanent job loss during the lockdown, not returning to work even by the end of 2020.

The report showed that younger workers were much more impacted, experiencing higher job losses, of a more permanent nature. Around 33 per cent of workers in the 15-24 years age group failed to recover employment even by December 2020. This number was only 6 per cent in the 25-44 years group.

Vice-Chancellor of Azim Premji University, Anurag Behar said: "The pandemic has revealed a systemic and moral failure that makes the most vulnerable always pay the greatest price for everything. We have to change this from the core."

The report shows that the pandemic has further increased informality and led to a severe decline in earnings for the majority of workers resulting in a sudden increase in poverty. Women and younger workers have been disproportionately affected.

Households have coped by reducing food intake, borrowing, and selling assets. Government relief has helped avoid the most severe forms of distress, but the reach of support measures is incomplete, leaving out some of the most vulnerable workers and households.

The lead author of the report, Amit Basole, said: "Additional government support is urgently needed now for two reasons -- compensating for the losses sustained during the first year and anticipating the impact of the second wave. This can include continuing free rations beyond June, additional cash transfers, an expanded MGNREGA, and an urban jobs programme."

 

 

 

 

 

  

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Comment on this article

  • Jeeth, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    The only reason our country has reached this state is due to us ( including ones who are commenting here .. me too). The sad part of we the people of India is we have always been casting our votes based on religion, caste or some trivilous reasons. We have never read a parties manifesto... nor seen the credentials of the candidate representing our constituency. Only thing we see if if the candidate is from BJP or congress... what have we got by doing that??? Death everywhere...!! If we would make our candidates accountable for the nonsense they would do then we would have got candidates really working for the society. Our so called representatives clearly know whatever anger people have is for short term. People have SHORT TIME MEMORY. When elections come again people will choose the same old shit religion.. caste....and choose the same old fools who will give crap back to the society. Its a never ending cycle. WE SHOULD REMEMBER OUTPUT DEPENDS ON OUR INPUT. Hopefully next time when we vote see credentials of the candidate. See if he/she is educated. See their caliber and then vote. Hopefully we will have some better future. Else future is grim.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [18] Reply Report Abuse

  • Roger, Palimar

    Thu, May 06 2021

    People of coastal belt of Karnataka are educated and smart...... really??? they lack logical thinking power..... can be fooled by sweet talks...

    DisAgree [1] Agree [2] Report Abuse

  • Alwyn Dsouza, Canada

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Dear friends dont be the enemy of politicians and the same time never worship politicians like god. Their grown beard or hair or suit boots will never help any common poor citizens but it has deteriorated well being of the peaceful humans. 23 crore citizens under threat of daily bread think about it if that gets further deteriorating what is the fate of that nation in few more months time. At this point we all join hands do whatever best ways to help the needy and marginalized citizens and beg god for mercy to heal this curse upon us. God is only can help and same time we can help each other without religious lines.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [14] Reply Report Abuse

  • M.Mathias, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    The problem of India is Mr. Modi don't know what he doing. But he is having big voice like his friend Donald Trump.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [24] Reply Report Abuse

  • Alphy, Mumbai

    Thu, May 06 2021

    I only partially agree with your comment. Donald Trump was a very successful President in USA though people would not like to recognize this. He was good for Americans but not for the rest of the world. What he has done to US vs what Modi has done to India, there is no comparison. Frankly, Modi knows nothing other than speak. Some of the major achievements by Trump - Unemployment dipped below 4% which was unbelievable. Stock markets sky rocketed as a a result of improving business climate. He stopped illegal immigrants by trying to build a wall to avoid the menace of drug peddlers, criminals, murderers and some innocent illegals crossing over - what is wrong with that? He strongly went against the law of rampant abortions. He improved the lives of black Americans and the list goes on. Unfortunately, the media and major Technological companies were against him as they cannot influence him! Whatever he tried to do, he did for the good of US. What was wrong with Trump - his bad mouth and he hated the press. Never knew how to talk and how to please the crowd! This is were Modi scored with his rhetoric and failed in all other respect including dividing the entire country on the lines of religion, and turned himself into the worst PM in the history of India

    DisAgree Agree [2] Report Abuse

  • Sunil K, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Daniel - ask your parents and grandparents if life was easy during the first 70 years. India was left poorer by the British and then suffered through famines, floods, food shortages, disease, wars, near economic collapse and isolation by the West. Despite this Indians overcame these obstacles to reach today's position and then in the last 7 years to satisy his ego, one man caused the destruction of all gains Indian had achieved. So just don't repeat rubbish that you learnt at your nearest shaka.

    DisAgree [3] Agree [14] Reply Report Abuse

  • kavin, UDUPI

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Government should focus on fixing the problems, not blaming pandemic. Pandemic is all over the world we have to learn and take immediate action to solve the issues.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [7] Reply Report Abuse

  • Manohar, Udupi

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Right time to bring back black money and deposite 15 lakh into their accounts. @#%€#!

    DisAgree [5] Agree [32] Reply Report Abuse

  • Evans C Sumitra, Udupi/New York, USA.

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Manohar, Udupi, I fully agree with your comments and it makes sense.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [16] Report Abuse

  • John, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Now communists have made story almost like Venezuela. Communists way of enslaving people, first create food shortages by these lockdowns, job loss and economy loss. Then slowly these communists target stock market, then when world economy collapses finally bring everyone under communist government support like in China, Russia and north korea under some dictator. Meantime clean up elderly, leaders worldwide with virus or vaccines as much to lessen the burden on governments, that's what happening. Also create chaos because of shortages, medical emergencies, sometimes playing racial or religious cards to decimate much to they can better control smaller populations. No God satan kills. That is why communist have closed religious places with the fear of this virus so no prayers go to God. God allows this so show reality of ruthless and godless communism. Globalists Agenda 2021 and Agenda 2030 is all about bringing world under communism or one world government.

    DisAgree [13] Agree [5] Reply Report Abuse

  • Sunil Kumar, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Buddi jeevis nakul awe panper... modi ne kiya sab

    DisAgree [10] Agree [9] Reply Report Abuse

  • Indian, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Modi ge swalpa buddi barli. Avru buddi jeevi aagthare.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [11] Report Abuse

  • Moshu, Mangaluru

    Thu, May 06 2021

    In spite of all, Andhbhakth will smile and say, "Phir bhi Modi hi aayega"..

    DisAgree [1] Agree [49] Reply Report Abuse

  • Concerned citizen, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Good news for Andhbhakht Gang

    DisAgree Agree [38] Reply Report Abuse

  • Suresh kamath, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Ache Din.. Come next election people will forget everything and Vote for him only. God save India

    DisAgree [1] Agree [37] Reply Report Abuse

  • Paul, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    I am.not worried a chai wala or a good maker has become a leader evrything is how he runs the show . But here our leaders wants only names .They want to.show thier 56" chest which is of no use ..which is just blooted but inside tuss . Useless Govt. But still sad people still think he is God . Andh bhaktht

    DisAgree [3] Agree [24] Reply Report Abuse

  • D.Shetty, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    well pandemic no one could stop but "he" did better than any "he" in his post. whatever it maybe i will be andh bakth not " slave"

    DisAgree [49] Agree [5] Report Abuse

  • Alwyn Dsouza, Canada

    Thu, May 06 2021

    D. Shetty you will never understand when someone stomach starve for food, when someone has no shelter and when someone lost due to negligence of govt just because they focused on politics rallies and put poor into further danger. Have some shame and if you have time start helping poor if you are rich enough. Nobody asked you to be slave but dont be ignorant person where 23 crore are under threat of poverty and daily living. We can change at least little bit if not everything.

    DisAgree Agree [29] Report Abuse

  • Alphonse Rodrigues, Udupi

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Joblessness among youth pushed India back to 60 years

    DisAgree [2] Agree [38] Reply Report Abuse

  • Concerned citizen, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Those days must be better than now.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [10] Report Abuse

  • Kumar, Kinnigoli

    Thu, May 06 2021

    WHEN CHAI MAKERS BECOME.....C.M. .....AND PAKODA MAKER BECOME...P.M.....THESE THINGS HAPPEN......

    DisAgree [1] Agree [46] Reply Report Abuse

  • Khabib, Karkala

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Boda chai, pakoda malpunai??

    DisAgree [1] Agree [30] Reply Report Abuse

  • Wilfred, karnataka

    Thu, May 06 2021

    when our leader said Ache Din,Dream India, Make in India , we thought Indian will gain self sufficient and becoming richer , but due to the poor governance We become poor,we need the ruling govts like Indira Ghandi, Atal B Vajpayee and Manmohan Sing to lift from poverty line.

    DisAgree Agree [36] Reply Report Abuse

  • John, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    This is what all about this virus. First with viruses, mutants and lockdowns to break those top performing economies and those competing with communist China and Socialist Russia like US, India, UK, Brazil then provide loans to thru now almost communist and globalist controlled UN, IMF and World Bank. Finally bring them all under one communist / globalist rule when they are unable to pay. All done in communist way through these viruses and mutants. Same time liberal left leaning globalist elites make billions in vaccine, computer, mobile and online business to support and finance these communist clandestine business and operation.

    DisAgree [4] Agree [6] Reply Report Abuse

  • Manohar, Udupi

    Thu, May 06 2021

    This is what happens when God fearing people are taken advantage of while crook politicians loot the country without vision.

    DisAgree Agree [30] Reply Report Abuse

  • David Pais, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    but b4 63 years India experienced robust economy. now da illiterate govt., demolished it.

    DisAgree [3] Agree [29] Reply Report Abuse

  • Charles D'Mello, Pangala

    Thu, May 06 2021

    If crooks and feku's are running the Government, this can go worse than this in the future one year.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [27] Reply Report Abuse

  • Praveen, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    But our Boss need 20,000 crore Rupees Residence.....wht a shame

    DisAgree Agree [31] Reply Report Abuse

  • Praveen, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Now blame to Covid19---- before covid almost all are in road....

    DisAgree [1] Agree [18] Reply Report Abuse

  • Anil, MP

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Now only hope is of 15 lacs which feku & Andh Bhakts promised by doing chai pe charcha.... Now where are these idiots..... Modi brigade

    DisAgree Agree [19] Reply Report Abuse

  • Sameer, Riyadh

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Modi and BJP Government has put entire India in ICU. There is no Financial Oxygen (Money) + There is no Breathing Oxygen (O2). Still cribbing and crying about Bengal. New Slogan of Modi : Na khaane dunga, na jeene dunga.

    DisAgree Agree [26] Reply Report Abuse

  • Sameer, Riyadh

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Courtesy : BJP Government. Roughly 23% of the population in poverty. What next?

    DisAgree [2] Agree [24] Reply Report Abuse

  • HENRY MISQUIITH, India

    Thu, May 06 2021

    It's happened after 70 + years in the history of India!

    DisAgree [5] Agree [33] Reply Report Abuse

  • Daniel, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Covid dint come during those 70 years ...

    DisAgree [17] Agree [5] Report Abuse

  • Ahmed, Bangalaore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Really sad state of affair. This is alarming situation. This will result into socio-economic imbalance as well increase in crimes in coming days. Corona along with the several Government failed policies took our country back to brink of disaster. The start of disaster was Demonetization.

    DisAgree [1] Agree [25] Reply Report Abuse

  • naveen marakala, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    This is expected.........we have to learn it from China how they controlled it, but being a vibrant democracy country it is impossible where each one is having different opinion.......

    DisAgree [6] Agree [17] Reply Report Abuse

  • kujuma, mangaluru

    Thu, May 06 2021

    kya farakh padtha hai besharam party ke logon ko? they have amassed money in the name of demonetization and GST and have given contracts to their gujju friends, who give handsome cut to party funds.. so chaiwala is eating imported mushrooms and motu bhais son made 80 crores from 50000

    DisAgree Agree [35] Reply Report Abuse

  • David Pais, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    failure from hum dho hamare dho illiterate govt., policies. dey must resign & come out don't blame God for your failures

    DisAgree Agree [35] Reply Report Abuse

  • Prakash, Mangalore

    Thu, May 06 2021

    Central government failed to control Covid19 virus spread. Our arrogant PM is responsible to push 23 core Indians into poverty.

    DisAgree [5] Agree [38] Reply Report Abuse


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