Adipotide Peptide - Keeping Diabetes Under Control

Adipotide FTPP peptide, also known as FTPP peptide, fat-targeted proapoptotic peptide, or proapoptotic peptide, has been the subject of extensive research, including keeping diabetes under control. The resultsF of these investigations have indicated a few possible advantages, including:

• Enhanced insulin action
• Speeded-up weight loss among respondents

Owing to its widespread prevalence, obesity is frequently referred to as a pandemic. There have been many attempts to create an effective anti-obesity medication or diet tablet, but few have shown any real promise, with only mild adverse effects. Peptides have gained attention recently because they have been shown to have multiple health advantages while having relatively few risks. Research shows that Adipotide is a peptide specifically targeting adipose cells and induces apoptosis (a.k.a. FTPP). Multiple experimental studies, some of which are detailed below, have examined the anti-obesity effects of Adipotide, a highly specific fat-burning peptide. Adipotide, as the name suggests, is a proapoptotic peptide that may cause fatty cells to self-destruct, as per studies.

Prohibitins are endogenous proteins that control processes like cell division, metabolism, and inflammation. Studies suggest that Adipotide is a prohibitin-targeting peptide that has shown promise in several therapeutic trials and scientific uses. [i] Dr. Wadih Arap, a Houston-based physician, and Renata Pasqualini, a scholar at the same cancer hospital and Dr. Arap's wife, independently found and studied Adipotide.

According to research, Adipotide, which was speculated to be an anti-cancer medication, instead demonstrated encouraging results in reducing fat, leaving the pioneers "at a loss for words." It was hypothesized that [ii] cutting off the cancer cells' intake of oxygen and nutrients would kill them and slow their development. The peptide was found to have the same mode of action, but this time on adipose cells. Researchers found this intriguing and referred to the study as a "proof of concept," noting that more research into the peptide and its impacts on cells was needed. The cancer center partnered with Arrowhead Research Corporation to fund their studies, and the experts there established Ablaris Pharmaceuticals Inc. as a spinoff company. Further research was done on FTPP, hoping it would be the next great fat therapy. [ii]

Outline of Adipotide Peptides

With the help of phage display technology, Kolonin and his team could identify and extract a naturally occurring peptide (sequence CKGGRAKDC), which they then fused with a proapoptotic sequence to create the now-named Adipotide molecule. White adipose tissue contains a peptide chain structurally similar to adiponectin, hence the name adiponectin. This finding and peptide properties suggest that the peptide binds to and damages prohibitin PHB1 on the surface of fatty tissue, thereby disrupting blood flow to adipocytes (fat-forming cells). Studies suggest that Adipotide appears to recognize prohibitins, which function as an arterial sign of adipose regions and then trigger apoptosis or cell death. [iii]

Researchers thought that Adipotide would cause these fat cells to explode basically, which could be a reason for worry as it could lead to a fast flow of fat cells into the circulation, disrupting the metabolism and increasing hunger. Studies reveal that adipose cells are used as an energy source by Adipotide. Thus, the most prevalent side effect of anti-obesity medications—a rise in appetite—appears not to have been a concern here. Therefore, this made the peptide interesting enough to warrant further study. Among the main hypothesized impacts of the studied peptide are (2)

• Weight reduction
• There was no detrimental effect on hunger.
• Lower levels of insulin intolerance
• Possible in the therapy of cancer

Studies in primates used as a basis for early experimental research found that after being given Adipotide, the animals showed seemingly elevated levels of insulin resistance. Therefore, Adipotide was proposed as a possible diagnostic and therapeutic option for type II diabetes. Research into the use of Adipotide in cancer therapy may be founded on the same principle as anti-cancer medicine, namely, the suppression of angiogenesis. Adipotide was tested in both fat and slender primates, but only the former reported weight loss due to treatment. This finding revealed one of the many potential benefits of this peptide: the molecule appeared to be extremely discriminating towards obese adipose regions only. [iv]


Peptide Adipotide, adipose Tissue and the Management of Cancer

Researchers analyzed the peptides and compounds found in various blood arteries and organs (both healthy and cancerous). Differential expression of proteins, peptides, and other molecular markers between normal and cancerous cells makes them attractive therapeutic targets. Different chemical separation and analysis methods identified four native ligand receptors unique to cancerous cells. Research shows that some highly specific peptides, such as Adipotide, may be extremely helpful in attenuating the action of these receptors, thereby demonstrating their promise in cancer therapy. [v]

Diabetes and Adipotide Peptide

Adipotide peptide was administered to obese rodents to learn more about its impact and process on fat cells. Surprisingly, it was observed that within 2–3 days of therapy, the rodents showed signs of better glucose tolerance and reduced amounts of blood lipids. These modifications occurred before the weight reduction caused by the peptide. This research provided preliminary evidence for the peptide's application in diabetes therapy. Research reveals that since apoptosis is Adipotide's primary mechanism of action, it was originally thought that the medication would impede the operation of the arterial system due to harm to the vascular cells. Adipotide appears to decrease adipose tissue cell bulk, and it has also been proposed that it improves its working, which would account for enhanced hormone release and gene expression. As a consequence, the fat rodents showed signs of better glucose tolerance. [vi]

Studies Using Adipotide Peptide

Clinical studies of Adipotide were revealed for 2011-2012 after experts reviewed positive findings in mice and primates. Part I of the clinical study was created for subjects with prostate cancer that were not receiving any extra therapy. The plan called for the study to last 28 days, during which Adipotide would be given once daily. [vii] This peptide is still in the early stages of research, but some trials have been halted as of 2019.


[i] Thuaud, F., Ribeiro, N., Nebigil, C. G., & Désaubry, L. (2013). Prohibitin ligands in cell death and survival: mode of action and therapeutic potential. Chemistry & biology, 20(3), 316–331.

[ii] Melissa H., Cancer treatment shows promise for rapid weight loss, Los Angeles Times, 10 Nov 2011.

[iii] Kolonin, Mikhail G et al. “Reversal of obesity by targeted ablation of adipose tissue.” Nature medicine vol. 10,6 (2004): 625-32.

[iv] Experimental Drug Slims Obese Monkeys

[v] Staquicini, Fernanda I et al. “Vascular ligand-receptor mapping by direct combinatorial selection in cancer patients.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America vol. 108,46 (2011): 18637-42. doi:10.1073/pnas.1114503108.

[vi] Kim, Dong-Hoon et al. “Rapid and weight-independent improvement of glucose tolerance induced by a peptide designed to elicit apoptosis in adipose tissue endothelium.” Diabetes vol. 61,9 (2012): 2299-310. doi:10.2337/db11-1579.

[vii] Arrowhead Announces Dosing of First Patient with Anti-Obesity Treatment Adipotide® in a Phase 1 Clinical Trial, 11 Jul 2012.




Top Stories

Leave a Comment

Title: Adipotide Peptide - Keeping Diabetes Under Control

You have 2000 characters left.


Please write your correct name and email address. Kindly do not post any personal, abusive, defamatory, infringing, obscene, indecent, discriminatory or unlawful or similar comments. will not be responsible for any defamatory message posted under this article.

Please note that sending false messages to insult, defame, intimidate, mislead or deceive people or to intentionally cause public disorder is punishable under law. It is obligatory on Daijiworld to provide the IP address and other details of senders of such comments, to the authority concerned upon request.

Hence, sending offensive comments using daijiworld will be purely at your own risk, and in no way will be held responsible.