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Fasting and rejuvenation: Blessed month of Ramadan is back
By P A Hameed Padubidri

July 10, 2013

Daijiworld Media Network - Riyadh

Wednesday July 10 is the first day of Ramadan, especially in Saudi Arabia and other parts of the Gulf countries. It’s the ninth month of Hijrah calendar. Fasting in Sha’ban (eight month) thinking it is Ramadan is not considered to be a valid fasting of Ramadan. The month starts with the sighting of the moon to determine that the Sha’ban month has finished and Ramadan month has already come in. Except this, there is no any significance in the viewing of crescent in the Islamic point of view.

Fasting during the month of Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam. Of course, it is obligatory for all those adult Muslims who are physically and mentally sound and fit. However, there are categories of people who are exempted from fasting like travellers, sick people, aged people, children, menstruating women and women who give birth and others. However, they must observe the missed days of fasting after Ramadan once they become free from their conditions. Children above ten should be encouraged to observe fasting. This month is also described as the “Month of Quran” (Shahr-al-Quran), because the holy book was revealed in this month for the first time through Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh), who was the last messenger of Allah, the God.

The God says – "The month of Ramadan in which was revealed the Quran, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong)…", "Verily, We (Allah) have sent it (this Quran) down in the Night of Al-Qadr (Decree)”, which is better than a thousand months (that is, worshipping Allah on that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months).

Quran says: “O ye who believe, fasting has been prescribed upon you as it was prescribed upon those before you, so that ye may become pious”. It means, the fasting was not only prescribed for the followers of the Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh), but it was ordered for the earlier generations also. It’s a vital and special type of worship, which a Muslim observes by controlling his mind and body and abstaining from eating, drinking, sexual indulgence etc from dawn to dusk. There is no use fasting unless he desists from bad and wrongful actions. The Prophet (Pbuh) says - “There is no benefit or reward from the God if a Muslim simply fasts from dawn to dusk, without abstaining from all types of vices and evils”. Taqwa (God-fearing) plays a important role behind every Islamic deed and action performed by the Muslims and as such, fasting is also purely based on Taqwa. It is a sort of secret worship to the God without being known by anyone unless otherwise told or revealed. The God reveals that “a believer gives up his eating and drinking for Me only and Fasting is for Me only”.

Fasting Muslims keeps themselves very busy with special prayers in mosques and homes (apart from their regular five times-a-day obligatory prayers) and with Quran recitations, charity-giving, inviting people for Iftar (mass breaking of fast) and other kind of helps and services. They step up their all religious deeds with the intent to get more rewards from the God. Quranic indication and saying of the Prophet (Pbuh) is a driving force behind the maximization of their acts. The month doubles the rewards from the God. It is the Prophet’s saying that during the month, Satan (evil forces) is tied up and the doors of Heaven will be opened and doors of Hell will get closed.

Sahur (pre-dawn food) is one of the special observances during the month that has a particular sanctity from the Hadeeth and Sunnah of the Prophet (Pbuh). He said-“Take Sahur since there is a Barakah (prosperity) in it even by just taking a cup of water”. Muslims, all over the world, wake up in the early hours for the Sahur and take food of their choice. Once or before the call for morning prayer (Fajar prayer) is made, they abstain from the acts that break their fasting. So, the Muslims by and large take pre-dawn meals to get ready for fasting during the whole day.

Iftar is another special performance a fasting Muslim does. Iftar is an Arabic terminology used to ‘break the fast’ soon after its due period. In fact, it’s a cheerful moment for a fasting person to sever his fast, otherwise, it is sinful for him to break it unless there is valid reason. There is a Prophetic instruction to speed up one’s breaking of fast soon after it becomes due. The Prophet (Pbuh) says “Sahur should be delayed and Iftar should be hurried up, when the time is due”. Every fasting person eagerly gets on his toes to break his fast after sunset or soon after the calling of Maghreb Adhan (call for prayer at dusk). Iftar food comprises fruits, juices, dates, water, coconut gruel, sweets and other items. The fasting Muslims are highly encouraged to invite others for Iftar with them. Even just giving dates and water for the fasting observers is also highly encouraged. Hence, we can see lot of Iftar parties being organized by individuals or organizations in every part of India and other parts of the world.

Ramadan in Saudi Arabia

Unlike India, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is experiencing an extremely hot summer, which welcomed this year’s Ramadan once again. It is reported in a local newspaper that Ramadan will fall during the scorching climate again for the next seven years. That means, we can expect the arrival of the month during the boiling summer upto seven years. It is expected that during the second/third week of Ramadan, the temperature will be 45-50 degree Celsius. Riyadh, the capital city of the Kingdom, has been experiencing arid weather, while the eastern provinces like Dammam, Al-Khobar, Jubail, Al Hassa, which are situated on the banks of the Arabian Sea, are under direct exposure of severe humidity and sweat. Jeddah, the old capital city of the Kingdom that is situated on the banks of the Red Sea, is also not free from the heat and wetness though it is tolerable to a certain level.

Despite this, fasting in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is really comfortable, delightful and momentous. Usually, the activities in general turn brisker at night than the day as the night becomes day and day becomes night. Soon after the Iftar and special prayers (Taraweeh), everything becomes re-energized and invigorated. Shopping malls, super markets, petty shops become the centers of business and buzz with activity. Working hours during Ramadan are only six hours. Many companies and establishments split those hours into two shifts - four hours in the day and two hours at night. There are straight duties in some companies with different duty times, but not exceeding six hours. There are strict labour regulations for companies, especially construction companies, which mostly involve outdoor labourers, to restrict their working hours not later than the noontime during Ramadan, as the temperature rises meteorically from 11 am to 3.30 pm. So, most of the companies/establishments ask the workers to work at night.

Most of the souks, offices, stores and other centers are kept open till 3 am. We can find traffic jams on the roads across the city during the late nights. The Iftar is the only time when we can hardly see any vehicle on the road. The busiest main roads in Riyadh like the international Airport Road, Olaya Road, Gulf Bridge Road etc., become deserted with very few vehicles visible on them as most of the people happen to be busy in breaking their fasts at this time. Majority of the people sleep only after the morning prayer. All the schools remain closed for the summer holidays including Ramadan for more than two months and will reopen in September first week. Children are also seen enjoying their fasting periods with their parents and elders.

We can see all the mosques get busier during Ramadan than any other time and some mosques are jam-packed with special prayer, which is called Taraweeh including Withr prayer (Qiyamul Lail). Taraweeh prayer is the special prayer which is offered only during Ramadan. Daily special Dua (supplication) is included in the last part of Withr prayer in every mosque for the individual as well as for general welfare and peace. At the end of the month, the recitation of the entire Quran is completed in the Taraweeh prayer by the Imams (those who lead the prayers).
Quran recitation is also done in mosques and homes individually. Since two holy mosques in Makkah and Madeena are situated in the Kingdom, the number of pilgrims going for Umrah is considerably more and the mosque in Makkah is always packed with pilgrims, especially after the first two weeks of Ramadan. Makkah is the only place in the world where Iftar for lacs of people at a time is arranged on a large scale. It’s the saying of the Prophet that if anyone performs Umrah during Ramadan, it is equivalent to performance of Hajj with Him. There are mosques where Iftar is also arranged for the masses.

A number of tents and shelters have been put up in the junctions and road sides across the Kingdom. We can see such tents in Bath’ha, Naseem, Rowdah, Haarah and other parts of Riyadh and also in Al-Khobar, Dammam on large scales. Fasting people especially travelers and expatriates gather there to listen to the preachers’ religious discourse and breakfast. Many donors and organizations contribute for the Iftar arrangements on daily basis. Some volunteers are seen providing food packets at traffic signals to the travelers at the time of Iftar. Iftar parties are arranged in abundance by individuals and various organizations. Friends and relatives are frequently invited for the party either in their houses or restaurants.

Both Muslims and non-Muslims are prohibited from eating or drinking anything in public during day time in Saudi Arabia. Normally, non-Muslims can eat or drink privately during the fasting hours. However, Muslims are not even to do so unless they come under special category. If they are found eating without just cause, then Hai’a Agency (religious police) take them into custody for deterrence and sometimes impose fine also.



Comments on this article
Dr. Cajetan Coelho, Goa, IndiaSaturday, July 27, 2013
Prayer and fasting provide spiritual strength for our onward journey. May all experience the joys and spiritual benefits during this holy month.
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Ibrahimmulky, Mulky/RiyadhThursday, July 11, 2013
Ramadan Greetings,
Thanks Daiji & PA Hameed for nice Article,
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SM Farook, DubaiThursday, July 11, 2013
Very nice article. Ramadan Kareem to all brothers and sisters. May allah increase our iman.
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simple, BangaloreThursday, July 11, 2013
On the occasion of Ramadan month, I extend my MUBARAKS to Ismael K. Perinje and all muslims here on Daijii forum and everywhere.
May the Holy Month of Ramadan, with the prayers offered by the Muslims bring Peace\unity all over.
I also join along with them to pray for that.
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Ansar, Doha - QatarWednesday, July 10, 2013
Mash Allah very good article about Ramadan. Ramadan Mubarak to all.
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Eric D'sa, Pangla/RiyadhWednesday, July 10, 2013
Wishing you all Very happy Ramadan to all my Muslim brothers and sisters.
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Nishar, UAEWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Mabarak to all Daiji brothers and sisters. May Allah bless we all by Happiness, prosperity and peaceful life ahead..
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MANSOOR AHAMED, MULKY/RIYADHWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan is a very special time for Muslims, but the feelings and lessons we experience should stay with us throughout the year. In the Qur'an, Muslims are commanded to fast so that they may "learn self-restraint" (Qur'an 2:183). This restraint and devotion is especially felt during Ramadan, but we all must strive to make the feelings and attitudes stay with us during our "normal" lives. That is the true goal and test of Ramadan.
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MANSOOR AHAMED, MULKY/RIYADHWednesday, July 10, 2013
May Allah accept our fasting, forgive our sins, and guide us all to the Straight Path. May Allah bless us all during Ramadan, and throughout the year, with His forgiveness, mercy, and peace, and bring us all closer to Him and to each other.
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Konkan Ghar, Riyadh-K.S.AWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Kareem to all our Muslim Brothers and sisters...
Ramadan Is the Month of Blessings and I'm sure you'll get your share too...'coz Allah is happy with you !
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Bava Shabu Beary, uchila/dammamWednesday, July 10, 2013
Masha Allah very Good Article about RAMADAN by. P.A. Hameed.
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Nabeel, Mangalore / DubaiWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramdan kareem to all borthers and sisters
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Latif Mapal, JeddahWednesday, July 10, 2013
Dear All, Close and Far,

Wishing you Ramadan Kareem, may it be full of blessings and may all your prayers and good deeds be answered.
Comment on this message     

Abdul Khader A.Nainar, Makkah, K.S.AWednesday, July 10, 2013
Wishing all our brothers & sisters in this holy blessed day, a very happy Ramada'n. May Allah forgive all of our sins of past and grant us a fruitful happy blessed future. Ameen.
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Muzaffar Ali , Manglore/RiyadhWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Kareem to All
Thanks for daiji and Mr.P A Hameed Padubidri for the informative artice on the month of Ramadan
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SIRAJ AHMED, BBHATKALWednesday, July 10, 2013
My Dear Friend's Brother's & Sister's I wish All of you HAPPY RAMADAN KAREEM. May ALLAH SUBUHANAHU TALA BLESS ALL OF US . AMEEN
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AKBAR AMEER, DUBAI-MANGALOREWednesday, July 10, 2013

May the choicest
blessing of Allah
fill your life with
joy and prosperity.
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Zahoor Ahmed, Karkala / DammamWednesday, July 10, 2013
Wishing you all Very happy Ramadan
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Peter Pereira, PuneWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Kareem to each and every Muslim brothers, sisters and friends. May Almighty Allah shower his heavenly blessings on all of us.
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RIHAN, DXBWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Kareem...Make use of this blessed month to the most by giving charity,doing special prayers and most importantly doing good deeds..
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sharaf, mangalore/dubaiWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Kareem to all
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Mohammed Nadeem, UDUPI / IRAQWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Kareem to All my Bothers, Sisters and Friends.
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Deepak, Paladka Wednesday, July 10, 2013
May this Ramadan be a month of Blessings,A month full of forgiveness and guidance for you and your Family
Ramadan Kareem to all !!! May all the communities live peacefully always.
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Amin Bhoja, Patte / RiyadhWednesday, July 10, 2013
A happy Ramadan to our all friends.
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Syed Nihaal Hussain, Mangalore/BangaloreWednesday, July 10, 2013
Thanks daiji for such a detailed and informative article on Ramadan. Ramadan Kareem everybody! May the Almighty bless us all with happiness, good health and peace. Aameen.
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Hanif, Shirva-SharjahWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Kareem to all Daiji Readers & the Mankind, hope everyone follow the right way of fasting with no geebath(backbiting), & keeping themselves busy in only prayers & reading Quran.
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S.M. Nawaz Kukkikatte, udupiWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramzan kareem to all my daiji readers.
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Thaufiq Kasim, DubaiWednesday, July 10, 2013
May peace b with us Ramadan Kareem to all may the Almighty accept our fasting, accept our tears, forgive our sins,and extend our years. My this blessed month b a source of mercy, guidence, unity, and peace that permeates throught the world.
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Jaimini P.B., Manipal,SharjahWednesday, July 10, 2013
i wish Daiji readers Ramadan Kareem...
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Pamela Tauro, Mangalore/uaeWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Mubarak to all our Muslim brothers and sisters.
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aris, uppinangadyWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Mubarak to all
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Vasant Raj, Mangalore / AbudhabiWednesday, July 10, 2013
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Anand, karkalaWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Kareem to all my Muslim brothers and sisters.
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Peter P. Saldanha, BangaloreWednesday, July 10, 2013
Ramadan Mubarak to all the Muslim brothers and sisters. May this month bring you inner peace, strength and serenity.
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