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Amazing Slender Loris..
by Dr Anand T & Geeta N Pereira

Mar 23, 2009

We have trekked the dense Western Ghat forest range for over 20 years and have recorded the flora and fauna for the benefit of future generations. This amazing stretch of forests has been designated as one among the 8 mega biodiversity hotspots of the world. The Western Ghats comprises less than five percent of the total land area of India but contains an estimated 25 % of the country’s non marine vertebrate animals. It is home to a range of 350 globally endangered wild animals, both big and small.

In one of our recent treks, we were fortunate to have spotted the SLENDER LORIS, which is pretty rare. Loris tardigradus malabaricus is only found in India. The maximum concentrations of these beautiful and delicate animals are only found in a narrow belt of the Western Ghats. The slender Loris is included in the list of more than 30 species which are listed as endangered in India by the International Union for conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (ICUN). It positions the slender Loris in the same endangered category as that of the Asian elephant, Indian rhino, Lion tailed Macaque, snow leopard, royal Bengal tiger and the blue whale. The fact of the matter is that to date no study has been undertaken to find the exact population of slender Loris.


We take this opportunity in presenting these rare pictures of Slender Loris to readers of Daiji world who are conservationists and lovers of nature.

The slender Loris is a small nocturnal primate. It spends most of its life on tall trees. They can adapt to both wet and dry forests as well as lowland and highland forests. They prefer thick thorny vegetation which comfortably hides them from predators. They are not vegetarians, and their diet consists of small insects, lizards and fruits. Unfortunately, due to timber logging and expansion of agricultural activities, their habitat is severely depleted resulting in an alarming loss in numbers.

The slender Loris is about the size of a small baby monkey. It has unusually long arms and legs. It measures between 8 to 10 inches in length and has a small vestigial tail. It weighs approximately 400 grams. The distinctive feature of the slender Loris is its two large dominant brown eyes shining like pearls in a round head. The huge round eyes provide excellent night vision. The nose bridge is pretty long and the eyes are surrounded by dark brown to black circles of fur. The prominent ears are large and round. It has a beautiful fur coat which appears golden brown to silvery in color. It also has small finger nails. The animal moves slowly among twigs and branches but has a tight grip on whatever it holds. Its movement is slow and precise. Unfortunately, unlike monkey’s slender lorises cannot jump from one tree to another, but with their long arms and legs they can bridge significant distances.



Slender lorises  roll up in a ball and take refuge in tall evergreen trees. They are known to hunt in pairs and it is not unusual to find a few solitary hunters. They approach their prey slowly and stealthily before reaching out and grabbing it with both hands. They have efficient grasping hands and opposable thumbs. They are known to share food with other members of their family. They live either alone or with a mate and an infant.

SLENDER LORIS : Loris tardigradus

SUB SPECIES : Six

HABITAT: Tropical rain forest, montane and scrub forest.

FEMALES: Have two pairs of mammary glands

MATING: Twice a year; in April-may and October-November. Females reach sexual maturity in 10 months and males in 18 months. Female slender lorises hang upside down during mating.

GESTATION: 166 – 170 Days

OFFSPRINGS: Normally two every 9 to 10 months.

LIFE SPAN: 12- 15 YEARS.

DIET: Insects, leaves, tender shoots and eggs of birds.

MODE OF ESCAPE: When confronted with danger, they immediately freeze, until the danger passes away.

SPECIAL FEATURE: Slender Loris is known to eat beetles that have a foul smell and other insects which are quite poisonous. They neutralize the toxicity by wiping their hands and body with urine.



DECLINE IN POPULATION: Local tribes believe that the slender Loris has medicinal and mystique powers. Hunted for centuries by locals for its purported qualities as an aphrodisiac, asthma cure and other ailments .Large populations were eliminated for use in supposed remedies for eye diseases and also for use as laboratory animals. Other threats include electrocution, road accidents and smuggling for pet trade. Many tribal people connect the slender Loris with bad luck. Hence the minute they see them, they kill the primate.

In spite of stringent wildlife Protection acts, which stipulate a penalty of 25,000 rupees (500 U.S.dollars) and five years in prison, for people who harbor this rare primate, the trade is flourishing because the premium paid to smugglers is approximately twice the value of the fine. The skin and toe nails are dried and worn as a charm by many people who care less about the environment.

Large scale forest destruction, fragmentation and fires have destroyed their habitat too.

ICUN CONSERVATION STATUS: Loris. t. tardigradus is classified as Endangered on the 2006 IUCN Red List, whereas L. t. nycticeboides is classified as Critically Endangered.

Related Species:

The slow Loris (Nycticebus coucang) and pygmy slow Loris (Nycticebus pygmaeus) live in the same general area, and are similar in behavior to the slender Loris.



CONSERVATION:

Protecting dense forests and establishing migratory corridors from one forest to the other not only within the country but across countries wherever possible.
Ban on the use of these animals as pets.
Educating locals on the ecological significance of protecting these rare animals.

Also See:

 

READ 'EXCLUSIVE ARCHIVES'
Comments on this article
Samir Puthalakath, MelbourneMonday, July 25, 2011
Dear Titus and Geeta,
Loris, Titus and Geeta are the best!
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vivek colaco, sakleshpur/fieldview estateThursday, November 12, 2009
I love to see the beautiful creatures of slender loris the first time and the article also is very nice.
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great, nitinThursday, July 02, 2009
Great article, super stuff
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Robert D''Souza, Los AngelesSaturday, April 25, 2009
Dear Doctor Pereira, Thanks for the incredible pictures of slender loris. These are beautiful animals, and I think they can be used to control pests like, coconut tree beetle etc. May be domesticated and left on the coconut plantation for pest control projects. Just a thought. Robert D''Souza
Comment on this message     

Jagdish Anchan, MangaloreMonday, March 30, 2009
Excellent work, I seen this type animal only in geographical channel, and now its nice to hear that these kind animal can be seen in our state. Thanks to Dr. Anand
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Charles Govias, Mangalore/DubaiMonday, March 30, 2009
Dear Anand, very interesting subject you have covered. I am trying to teach my kids and thanks to today's technology that we can easily learn thru your dedication and hard work.
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Yvonne D'souza, Mangalore / CanadaMonday, March 30, 2009
Anand & Geeta, its always refreashing to read your articles. Thank you !
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TEJAKSHA, MANGALORESaturday, March 28, 2009
THIS IS THE VERY GOOD PHOTOS I NEVER SEEN BEFORE.I AM INSPIRED FROM THIS PHOTO AND I WANT SEE WESTERN GHATS.
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Lancelot Frank, Mangalore/SharjahSaturday, March 28, 2009
Dear Anand and Geeta, thanks for the wonderful informative article. I remember reading National Geographic magazines in your house in Sakleshpur, many years back. Your Dad encouraged us to read this magazine. Keep up the good work and continue to write such informative articles, so that we can educate ourselves. Please tell us how we can grow vegetables like Brocolli, Mushrooms, Asparagus, Bean sprouts in our backyard. We look forward to seeing your next aritcle.
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SHAREE, UAESaturday, March 28, 2009
VERY NICE AND BEAUTIFUL  PICTURES .GOOD JOB
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joy, mangalore/baleholeThursday, March 26, 2009
thank u dr.anand geetha pereira, excellent articles.they used to sell these precious amimals on sayyaji rd in mysore.thakfully they dont do the same nowadays. hope to read more informative articles from u both. joy
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Peter Pais , OMANThursday, March 26, 2009
I must say wonderful work / photography / patience, in bringing out that wonderful article on animal life. I am sure this must be your hobby and passion. Keep the good work going.
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Raymond Govias, Mangalore / Dallas, Tx.Wednesday, March 25, 2009
Hi! Anand, & Geeta, Thank you so much for the nice coverage and excellent pictures. Dont tell me that these sweet little Slender Loris are found on your estate. if so i would love to come and see them one day. Keep up the good work.
Comment on this message     

Shiva, karkalaWednesday, March 25, 2009
thank you for sharing the info. I am very much interested seeing them in wild.
Comment on this message     

Naina, mangalore usaWednesday, March 25, 2009
Good Job. Well Done.
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Cheppudira kushalappa , CoorgWednesday, March 25, 2009
Great write up and I am sure you will have many more similar articles to highlight the conservation of Western Ghats.
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ALPHONSO D'SOUZA, BENDOOR / DUBAIWednesday, March 25, 2009
Heartfelt thanks to both Dr. Anand and Geeta for the amazing photographs. Does the world know what India can offer to the tourists. Do we, Indians, know what a treasure we have on our soil? Why go elsewhere,let us enjoy the natural gifts without destroying them for our petty selfishness. Wonderful Article and a thankless effort by the duo.
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Jay Bhandary, Mangalore/ USAWednesday, March 25, 2009
A superb article and amazing photographs. Dr. Anand & Geeta Pereira, thanks for your hard and dedicated work in nature conservation and presenting the exquisite wealth of the Western ghats for us to read and enjoy.
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John Prakash, NEW ARK .U.S.AWednesday, March 25, 2009
Nice informative article & great pictures
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Manjunatha Bangera, Kasaragodu/BengaluruWednesday, March 25, 2009
Great article and nice pictures. Thanks Daiji. We, human beings, are the biggest threat to nature. We must learn to respect mother nature and try to conserve it and not destroy it.
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Ram Shetty, Mangalore/USAWednesday, March 25, 2009
Dear Dr. Anand and Mrs Geeta: Hats off to you for the fantastic pictures -great work. Keep up the good work. Best wishes to you.
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Jayant Frank, Mangalore-MumbaiTuesday, March 24, 2009
Anand & Geeta, Both of you have taken a lot trouble in narrating & picturising .This animal is a very rare one. I have seen it only in some episodes of National Geograpic Channel, but did not know that they exited  in India.You have done great job. Keep it up. Keep writing  more articles on such rare living beings, in future.
Comment on this message     

don menezes , mangalore/ BangaloreTuesday, March 24, 2009
Dear Anand and Geeta very nice informative article and excellent pictures.
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Jatinder Singh, Virginia. USATuesday, March 24, 2009
Great to hear from you. It is really nice that you are working hard to give the broader world a view of wildlife in western ghats, great job
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violet goveas, karkala,canadaTuesday, March 24, 2009
Wow amazing animal. I love the article. Thank you Dr.
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Fanita, KasaragodTuesday, March 24, 2009
I had seen slender loris in my childhood here in Kasaragod. There was a person who had one on a pole. It used to sit clinging to the pole. The man had a cloth spread in front of him where he would sit on the road and people would throw a few coins on it. It is beautiful to see these amazing creatures in the wild. May your eforts of conservation succeed.
Comment on this message     

darryl lasrado, MANGALORETuesday, March 24, 2009
Anand/Darryl Thanks
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Michael, ChikmagalurTuesday, March 24, 2009
Though I Born and brought up at western ghats so far I never had the idea of such animal. I really appreciate Dr. Couple for their dedication to publish the article along with beautiful pictures of Loris. I wish them good luck and lot of thanks for their article. Regards - Michael S Baptist
Comment on this message     

Margaret Thomas dsouza, Mangalore/IsraelTuesday, March 24, 2009
Nice article by Dr Anand T & Geeta N Pereira.
Comment on this message     

Lydia Lobo, KadriTuesday, March 24, 2009
Dear Dr. Anand & Geeta, May I have your E-mail address ? Hope to visit your place if we may ?
Comment on this message     

Ch.Mohamed Jamil, Lahore. PakistanTuesday, March 24, 2009
Thanks for all information in the artical and excellent pictures. Hope we see clips also sometiems.
Comment on this message     

Ashraf Uchil Gudde , Dubai UAE.Tuesday, March 24, 2009
Dear Anand and Geeta Wonderful article and fantastic photos.
Comment on this message     

Gratian Govias, KarikattukuppamTuesday, March 24, 2009
Dear Anand and Geetha, every article gets better and better. I hope I have the good fortune to see Loris in the wild oneday - maybe soon ! Our season of migratory birds is soon coming to an end with the temperatures steadily rising.It was a good season here. Cheers and let the articles keep flowing.
Comment on this message     

Jude Fanton, AUSTRALIATuesday, March 24, 2009
What a truly amazing set of photos! My goodness you are good photographer(s)! We think of you often and hope you can visit us here.
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Melita, Mangalore/DubaiTuesday, March 24, 2009
Hi Anand & Geet... Real nice article and gr8 pics... although I've never seen a Slender Loris, I'd heard a lot about it and seen pics but you have brought it closer. Thanks... and funnily we call our nephew Loris...
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Prashant .G, CHAKAN-PUNETuesday, March 24, 2009
Fantastic Article and pictures
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INGRID RASQUINHA, PUNE-CHAKANMonday, March 23, 2009
Great article. Where did you see these Slender Loris?
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Allen Pais, SiddapurTuesday, March 24, 2009
Anand. Never knew the SLENDER LORIS existed.Well again you have displayed your quality of work,Thank you for allowing to know more & more,Appreciate your talent to discover the un thinkable, I have a suggestion why dont you come out with a small book on Wild life-Warm Regards Allen Pais(Austriala)
Comment on this message     

Dr. C.K.Suresh, BangaloreTuesday, March 24, 2009
We have visited your farm and the surrounding coffee forests. Be assured that we support your concern in protecting these biodivere forests
Comment on this message     

Hamsa Puthalakath, Melborne, AustraliaTuesday, March 24, 2009
Very few loris exist in the wild.We need urgent measures to protect them.
Comment on this message     

Swathi Hosakere, California U.S.AMonday, March 23, 2009
I love the coffee forests and the promisre it holds in terms of protecting wild life
Comment on this message     

Vikram Hoskare, BangaloreMonday, March 23, 2009
Brilliant pictures. Very informative article
Comment on this message     

GEETA Nanaiah, VIRAJPETMonday, March 23, 2009
In the web of life these animals fulfill certain roles that no other animal can perform.We need to strengthen the ecological hotspots that harbor these rare animals.
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NIHAL JOSEPH, KADRI-MANGALOREMonday, March 23, 2009
I am curious to know why the tail has not evolved in the slender loris.May be part of evolution.
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rakesh hoskere, sakleshpurMonday, March 23, 2009
You have once again proved that coffee forests can accomodate both wildlife and multi crops.Both can live in harmony.
Comment on this message     

Romola, MANGALORETuesday, March 24, 2009
PLEASED TO KNOW THAT THESE RARE ANIMALS STILL EXIST
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PAYAL PEREIRA, KADRI-MANGALORETuesday, March 24, 2009
I am so fascinated with the animal,would like to make a project on it.
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hylon rodrigues, mangaloreMonday, March 23, 2009
nice pictures!!thanks dr anand & geeta pereira for the wonderful article.keep writing which will be useful for the next generation!!
Comment on this message     

S.Harsha Paul, MangaloreMonday, March 23, 2009
Anand & Geetha, Very informative and educative article. Good pictures too.Congratulations.
Comment on this message     

Suresh Bangera, Palimar, MuscatMonday, March 23, 2009
Excellent & fantastic photos
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salam, uchilMonday, March 23, 2009
Nice pictures
Comment on this message     

Santhosh, CaribbeanMonday, March 23, 2009
Hey, nice coverage
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Prem Colaço, Sakleshpur/Muscat,Sultanate of OmanMonday, March 23, 2009
Dear Dr Anand & Geetha, Excellent article ! Though a staunch viewer of Nat Geo,Animal Planet & Discovery myself ...I just can't believe you've got such a close up shots of these...amazing pics I should say. Keep up the good work . To all daijiworld readers and citizens of India please protect the flora and fauna of our country ..Their natural habitats are shrinking day by day .Do not try to domesticate wild animals ...unless injured or orphaned ....leave these animals in their natural habitat they know the tricks of survival better.
Comment on this message     

Bosco Jacob, Kozhikode - Kerala / Sharjah, U.A.E.Monday, March 23, 2009
Nice and informative article I did not even know that there exists an animal called Slender Loris. Thank you Dr. Anand & Geeta Pereira for this beautiful article & lovely pictures.
Comment on this message     

Dennis D'Souza, M'lore/BombayMonday, March 23, 2009
Nice article Anand and Geeta, apart from well written it is very informative and the pictures are award winning, simply GREAT.
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Rodney, Manglore/TaccodeMonday, March 23, 2009
Nice article. These kind of animals can be found in South canara also. But they are very rare. In " tulu" these are called as " kadu papa" and in konkani they call it as " raan munis" They are obviously very delicate , one of the person at my place caught it and put it in the cage, it refused to eat anything and breathed his last after some days. There is also a blind belief with hunters that if you find this animal when u go to hunt, the hunt wil not successfull that day. I dont know for how much extent its true but.
Comment on this message     

irene sequeira, Derebail/KuwaitMonday, March 23, 2009
Very beautiful & informative article. Also nice pictures. Thank you Dr. Anand & Geeta Pereira
Comment on this message     

Dinesh Thalapady, ThalapadyMonday, March 23, 2009
fantastic photos...
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Ben, sunkasaleMonday, March 23, 2009
Thanks, nice informative article. I usually drive through Kudremukh national park around 3 am and have spotted lots of wild animals including these often. Wild life lovers can try their luck there in the early morning hours.
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Reyan, KuwaitMonday, March 23, 2009
Some more info for you!! All lorises have extremely strong fingers and toes, and they are capable of maintaining a powerful grip with either hands or feet for astonishingly long periods of time. They are arboreal and nocturnal, sleeping by day in hollowed out trees, tree crevices or branches. Generally they sleep curled up in a ball, with their heads tucked up under their arms. When they move, they do so with slow deliberate hand-over-hand movements, moving along as easily under a branch as above. They are capable of moving quickly if alarmed, but they do not jump or leap
Comment on this message     

ANIL DSOUZA, BALEHADLU ESTATEMonday, March 23, 2009
What a picture man!!! Dr Anand you are just great bringing Slender Loris pictures to people who have and will never see the animal live in their lifetime.  May the mother nature be close to you always so that you can bring all us in the city close to nature as well.
Comment on this message     

Ivan Frank, MangaloreMonday, March 23, 2009
Dear Anand and Geeta, Nice coverage and excellent pictures.
Comment on this message     

Musthafa, mangaloreMonday, March 23, 2009
Nice article and very nice Pictures....
Comment on this message     

Lydia Lobo, KadriMonday, March 23, 2009
Thank you for this beautiful article. I did not even know that there exists an animal called Slender Loris.
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